MLE Related Resources


Book production software

Books available in India

Gupta, Vikas; Agnihotri, Rama Kant; Panda, Minati. Education and Inequality. Orient BlackSwan, 2021.

Sachdeva, Rajesh;  Agnihotri, Rama Kant. Being and Becoming Multilingual: Some Narratives. Orient Blackswan, 2021.

Ofelia García, Ofelia;  M.Y. Lin, Angel. Bilingual and Multilingual Education. Springer, 2017
Pattanayak, Debi Prasanna. Multilingualism in India. Multilingual Matters Ltd, 1990

García,Ofelia; Skutnabb-Kangas,Tove;  Torres-Guzmán, E.  Imagining Multilingual Schools. Languages in Education and Glocalization. Orient Blackswan, 2006 

Skutnabb-Kangas T, Phillipson R, Mohanty A. K. and Panda M. Social Justice Through Multilingual Education. Orient Blackswan,2009.

Jhingran,  Language Disadvantage: the Learning Challenge in Primary Education.  APH Publishing Corporation, 2005.

Heugh,Kathleen  and Skutnabb-Kangas,Tove  (Eds.) Multilingual Education Works: From the Periphery to the Centre. Orient Blackswan, 2010.

Mahanand, Mahendra K. Mishra Anand. Multilingual Education in India: The Case for English. First edition. VIVA BOOKS.2017

UNESCO Publications

Advocacy Kit for promoting Multilingual Education. Including the excluded. Bangkok: UNESCO Bangkok, 2007. Five booklets.

Mother tongue-based multilingual education: the key to unlocking SDG 4: quality Education for All. 2017 UNESCO. International Conference on Language and Education: Sustainable Development through Multilingual Education, Bangkok Thailand October 2016.

Multilingual education: Why is it important? How to implement it?. UNESCO 2014

Why mother language-based education is essential(Article)February 18, 2022.

First language first: community-based literacy programmes for minority language contexts in Asia. Book (2005)

Enhancing learning of children from diverse language backgrounds: Mother tongue-based bilingual or multilingual education in the early years. Analytical review commissioned by UNESCO, 2010, 2011. Jessica Ball, University of Victoria


Dr King, Lid . The Impact of Multilingualism on Global Education and Language Learning. The Languages Company. UCLES 2018

Mohanty, Ajit K. 1990. "Psychological consequences of mother tongue maintenance and multilingualism in India." In Pattanayak, D. P. (editor). 1990.Multilingualism in India. Clevendon, Avon, England

Mohanty 2005 Perpetuating Inequality: Language Disadvantage and Capability Deprivation of Tribal mother Tongue Speakers in India Paper presented in Cornell Conference on Language and Poverty, Cornell University, Ithaca, USA, October 14-16, 2005

Mohanty (2006) Multilingualism of the Unequals and Predicaments of Education in India: Mother Tongue or Other Tongue? Chapter 13 Ed, Garcia and Skutnabb Kangas.

id21 insights education. Communicating development research 5, September 2006, 3. Download in English:

Other readings

Helen Pinnock with Gowri Vijayakuma (2009) Language and education: the missing link; How the language used in schools threatens the achievement of education For All . Save the children.

Steps Towards Learning: A guide to overcoming language barriers in children’s education (2009) Save the children.

World Bank (2005) In their own language, Education for All. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. On WWW at:

Pamela MacKenzie (2009) Paper provided to UNHCR Geneva; Multilingual Education among Minority Language Communities with reference to the development of MLE programmes in India

World Bank. Loud and Clear: Effective Language of Instruction Policies for Learning. The World Bank, July 14, 2021.

The Bangkok Statement on Language and Inclusion 20 Feb 2020 UNESCO