MLE Related Books

Last updated Jan 24, 2011

Note: This is work in progress. Please let us know about books/readings you would recommend. Thanks to Pamela MacKenzie who compiled a first draft of this.


Books available in India

Ofelia García, Tove Skutnabb-Kangas, and E. Torres-Guzmán (eds) 2006 Imagining Multilingual Schools. Languages in Education and Glocalization. New Delhi: Orient Blackswan
Skutnabb-Kangas T., Phillipson R, Mohanty A. K. and Panda M. (2009) Social Justice Through Multilingual Education. Orient Blackswan, Delhi.
Jhingran, 2005 Language Disadvantage: the Learning Challenge in Primary Education, APH Publishing Corporation: New Delhi,
Kathleen Heugh and Tove Skutnabb-Kangas (Eds.) 2010 Multilingual Education Works: From the Periphery to the Centre. Orient Blackswan, Delhi.



Advocacy Kit for Promoting Multilingual Education: Including the Excluded
Malone, S. (2005) Education for Multilingualism and Multi-literacy in Ethnic Minority Communities: The situation in Asia. In First Language First: Community-based literacy programmes for minority language context in Asia. Bangkok: UNESCO, pp.71-86.
Enhancing learning of children from diverse language backgrounds: Mother tongue-based bilingual or multilingual education in the early years. Analytical review commissioned by UNESCO
Jessica Ball, University of Victoria



Mohanty, Ajit K. 1990. "Psychological consequences of mother tongue maintenance and multilingualism in India." In Pattanayak, D. P. (editor). 1990.Multilingualism in India. Clevendon, Avon, England
Mohanty 2005 Perpetuating Inequality: Language Disadvantage and Capability Deprivation of Tribal mother Tongue Speakers in India Paper presented in Cornell Conference on Language and Poverty, Cornell University, Ithaca, USA, October 14-16, 2005
Mohanty (2006) Multilingualism of the Unequals and Predicaments of Education in India: Mother Tongue or Other Tongue? Chapter 13 Ed, Garcia and Skutnabb Kangas
id21 insights education. Communicating development research 5, September 2006, 3. Download in English:


Other reading

Helen Pinnock with Gowri Vijayakuma (2009) Language and education: the missing link; How the language used in schools threatens the achievement of education For All
Steps Towards Learning: A guide to overcoming language barriers in children’s education (2009)

World Bank (2005) In their own language, Education for All. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank. On WWW at:

Pamela MacKenzie (2009) Paper provided to UNHCR Geneva; Multilingual Education among Minority Language Communities with reference to the development of MLE programmes in India
Policy Brief: Language and children’s education
The Use of Language in Children's Education: A policy statement


Useful websites


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